- Forums





Initially it has been planned the carrying out of, or the participation in, the following forums: Bogotá, Vancouver and Zaragoza :



Forum of Bogotá. The City and Human Rights.

All the rights, the same city.
Bogotá, 31st May, 1st and 2nd June 2006 .

General Presentation

The city, the achievement of civilization, is in crisis. At the same time as the planet is quickly urbanized and the cities grow without a pause, in a fast rate, the feeling of crisis is also increasing: this is not the city we wanted, the one we were waiting for, the one which we dreamt of.

The cities in the South raise a bigger challenge. Their growth has been more vertiginous than the rate, urbanization has not implied industrialization processes and the quality of live of most inhabitants is very precarious. Latin America provides accommodation for three quarters of its population in cities and the feeling of crisis is essentially significant in the capital cities, quite bigger than the second city in each country.

Plans of sectorial urbanistic actions about housing, infrastructures or equipment are proposed. Diverse policies about transport, use plannings, care of the ecosystems. Environmental improvements, a boost to the protection of heritage, aids to restoration. Actions of the administration to promote participation. New laws to arrange urban intervention. Studies, reports, indicators, conferences, meetings to examine and know the reality. There has never been such wealth of information, data or analysis before. Such amount of information has never been shared before or people simultaneously thinking about the city. And however, don't we have the feeling that we haven't found the right formula yet?

After the conferences in Rio and Istanbul, the city and the sustainable planning have been the prevailing subjects, filling the catalogues of good practices. However, these focusing have frequently been very near to be mistaken for a mere ecological focusing, a green dyeing, the renaturalization of the city. Two alternatives are raised, the redefinition and resignificance of what is sustainable and its complementarity with what is sustainable, filling them with contents or the exploration of a new focusing which broadens the spectrum of points of view at the same time as it can be accepted all over the world, an initial global consensus for its collective construction.

his proposed focusing is exactly the defence of human rights. Dignity and happiness related to them. There can't be civic harmony, environmental improvements or proper adaptation to the new technological requirements without a precise respect to human rights. This involvement, which is present somehow and impregnates our urban practice, is necessary to be placed in the close-up in order to improve it. It is necessary to think of the rights and the city as a space for the full satisfaction of them.

The Forum of Bogotá

The Latin American case can't find any better reference than Bogotá. A city which has been shaken by pain opens, however, to a decisively promising future. It has got its own singularity (the social and economical data are conclusive), a singularity which emphasizes its position as an example (singularities allow us to see the quality of the subjects which are dealt better) and the enormous advantage of being a land already prepared.

Bogotá condenses many of the main challenges which Latin American cities face up to the search of local development, becoming a real laboratory of experiments. The application of the focusing of rights in the current Development Plan called “Bogotá without Indifference” about the big problems of the city, far from being mechanical, brings up dilemmas and tensions. These tensions oblige to set in motion creative solutions to get a sustainable conciliation of rights, which may appear exclusive when defining public and local policies. It is not starting from scratch, but the reflections, quite the opposite, form part of a practice in progress. Bogotá as the Latin American epicentre.


We are interested that the debates are organized around the features of each concrete case (the Latin American city and the city of Bogotá) but each one has also its own point of view, a specific way to face the matter in order to complement the focus of the different cities later on.

At the Forum of Bogotá it is raised a noteworthy focus, when organizing the matters not in an isolated and separate way, but as a contrast among several legitimate rights which have to be materialized in the same shared space: the city of everybody. The existence of conflicts to the achievement of rights and a great richness and diversity of focus to its resolution: from totalizator points of view to approaches which try to reconcile which seems to be irreconcilable. Solving the serious urban conflicts raises the need to create criteria reached by consensus around management must create formulas to build consensus and dissolve disagreements, formulas which permit to harmonize the possible intrinsic tensions to the diverse rights. Who has more rights to urban space and the city: those who live there for decades or those who arrive at it after being expelled by a war or hunger? Who can demand the urban development of a space? And why? Who can demand its protection? Why? Who decides which culture, among so many which fill the city, has to be reflected? Who decides which culture the streets have to collect?

The article 30 of the Universal Declaration of 1948 states that it is not possible to cite the defence of a right to forget the compliance of another one. “Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any state, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein”. That is the question: how to make all the legitimate rights which assist everybody compatible in the same space.

Consequently, it has been considered to organize the debates in pairs as well as the general title for the Forum which tries to illustrate that condition: All the Rights, the Same City.


The Forum of Bogotá intends to be a Latin American space of specialized debate where different participants, (local governments, universities, NGOs, organization of basis) provide projects to the task of building the city from the point of view of rights. The result of the debate will be an agreed document: “The Declaration of Bogotá”, which will be presented as a regional contribution to the World Urban Forum in Vancouver in June 2006.


- Wednesday 31st May

8,00-8,30       Reception of participants
8,30-9,00       Official inauguration
9,00-10,15     Opening words

Human Rights and the City (25´). Right, Justice and Society (RJS).
The Latin American City and Rights (25´). Architect Enrique Ortiz Flores, President of HIC – Habitat International Coalition. UAM, Mexico.
Bogotá and the Prospect of Rights (25´). Dr María Virginia Casas-Franco Roldán, Manager of Metrovivienda. Governorship of Bogotá

10,15-10,45      Coffee Break

10,45-12,30       Topic 1. The Right to Housing and the Right to the Habitat.
The right to an own space for privacy and the right to a urban space complex and well equipped.

- Moderator (5´): Dr Olga Lucía Cevallos. Principal of INJAVIU. University Javeriana of Bogotá - Paper on the Latin American City (30´): Alfredo Rodríguez, SUR Professionals, Santiago de Chile.
- Paper on Bogotá (30´): Alejandro Florián Borbón, Executive Director of Fedevivienda.
- Debate (40´).

12,30-14,00       Lunch

14,00-15,45       Topic 2. The Right to Work and the Right to a Public Space.Compatibility between the requirements of the informal work in the street and the other uses of public space.

- Moderator (5´): Dr Patricia Rentería Salazar. Manager of the Company of Urban Renovation. Governorship of Bogotá.
- Paper on the Latin American City (30´): Architect Marco Negrón, Central University of Venezuela, Caracas.
- Paper on Bogotá (30´): Humberto Molina, Consultant
- Debate (40´).

15,45-17,30      Topic 3. The Rights to the Environment and Food Security and the Right to Development. The ecosystem protection and the main ecological structure opposite to the development of new infrastructures.

- Moderator (5´): Dra. Rosario del Caz, University of Valladolid .
- Paper on the Latin American City (30´): Nelson Sauri. Institute PolisSao Paulo, Brazil.
- Paper on Bogotá (30´): Eduardo Díaz. Director of the Programme Bogotá without Hunger. Governorship of Bogotá.

- Debate (40´).

17,30-18,15     1st Conference, A Contemporary View of Human Rights.
The Emerging Rights
. Right, Justice and Society (RJS).

- Thursday 1st June

8,30-10,15      Topic 4. The Right to Planning and the Right to Participation.
The right to a urban order, “a social order where rights and liberties become completely effective” and the right to participation in its determination.

- Moderator (5´): Carlos Alberto Torres Tovar, Coordinator of Master's Degree in Habitat. National University of Colombia, Bogotá
- Paper on the Latin American City (30´): Gustavo Riofrío Benavides, Desco Urban Programme, Lima, Perú.
- Paper on Bogotá (30´): Fabio Velásquez, National Forum for Colombia.
- Debate (40´).

10,15-10,45     Coffee break

10,45-12,30     Topic 5. The Right to Equity and the Right to the Inclusion.
The distinguishing focuses on the inclusion policies which devote resources to positive actions with certain population groups and the right to equity for all the population.

- Moderator (5´): Lucy Cardona Hernández, Network Woman and Habitat of HIC-Colombia (still to be confirmed)
- Paper on the Latin American City (30´): Marcela Rodríguez, University of Cordoba, Argentina (still to be confirmed)
- Paper on Bogotá (30´): Consuelo Corredor Martínez. Director of the Administrative Department of Social Welfare. Governorship of Bogotá.
- Debate (40´).

12,30-14,00     Lunch

14,00-15,45      Topic 6. The Right to Mobility and the Right to Accessibility. Conflicts between the pedestrian's rights to move with dignity and the requirements of the mobility induced other ones by urban development

- Moderator (5´): María Angélica Castro Rodríguez. Manager of Trans-milenio.
- Paper on the Latin American City (30'): Roberto Eibenshutz, UAM, Mexico.
- Paper on Bogotá (30´): Ricardo Montezuma, Director of the Foundation Human City.
- Debate (40´).

15,45-17,30      Topic 7. The Right to Health and the Right to Growth.
Urban consequences of the comprehensive application of the Kyoto Protocol.

- Moderator (5´): Mario Opazco Gutiérrez. Pontifical University Javeriana of Bogotá.
- Paper on the Latin American City (30´): (Speaker from Uruguay still to be determined).
- Paper on Bogotá (30´): Román Castañeda Sepúlveda, Nacional University of Colombia.
- Debate (40´).

17,30-18,15      2nd Conference, The Right to the City.
Eduardo Cifuentes. Dean of the Faculty of  Law, University of Los Andes.

Friday 2 nd June

8,30-10,15     Topic 8. The Right to the Equipments and the Right to Settlement.
Contrast and compatibility between the rights to school equipment, health equipment, etc. of the population who already is and the rights of the displaced population who arrives at the city.

- Moderator (5´): Rafael Ruipérez Palmero from the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation
- Paper on the Latin American City (30´): Jorge Rojas Rodríguez, President of CODHES, Colombia. (still to be confirmed)
- Paper on Bogotá (30´): Jorge Iván González. National University of Colombia.
- Debate (40´).

10,15-10,45      Coffee break.

10,45-12,30      Topic 9. The Right to Identity (to the imaginary one) and the Right to Modernity (to the universalization). The right to the urban culture of a population with its own references and the principles of universality and cosmopolitism.

- Moderator (5´):  Manuel Hernández Benavides. Professor of the University of Los Andes
- Paper on the Latin American City (30´): Xavier Albó, anthropologist, CIPCA. LA Paz, Bolivia. (still to be confirmed)
- Paper on Bogotá (30´): Marta Senn. Directo of the District Institute of  Culture and Tourism. Governorship of Bogotá.
- Debate (40´).

12,30-14,00       Lunch
14,00-16,30       Working Party to draw up the Declaration .
14,30-15,30       Final words

The Spanish Cooperation, the City and Rights (25´).
Rafael Ruipérez / Luís Villanueva. AECI
The City, Human Rights and a Possible Urban Development (25´).
Architect Manuel Saravia Madrigal. University of Valladolid.

15,30-16,30     3rd Conference - José Saramago, writer. (still to be confirmed)

16,30-17,00     Reading of the Declaration and Methodology of Bogotá.

Closing session .


World Urban Forum.

Vancouver , 19-23 de junio de 2006.


The World Urban Forum was established by the United Nations to examine one of the most pressing issues facing the world today: rapid urbanisation and its impact on communities, cities, economies and policies. It is projected that in the next fifty years, two-thirds of humanity will be living in towns and cities.

The World Urban Forum was established by the United Nations to examine one of the most pressing issues facing the world today: rapid urbanisation and its impact on communities, cities, economies and policies. It is projected that in the next fifty years, two-thirds of humanity will be living in towns and cities. A major challenge is to minimize burgeoning poverty in cities, improve the urban poor's access to basic facilities such as shelter, clean water and sanitation and achieve environment-friendly, sustainable urban growth and development.

The World Urban Forum is a biennial gathering that is attended by a wide range of partners, from non-governmental organisations, community-based organisations, urban professionals, academics, to governments, local authorities and national and international associations of local governments. It gives all these actors a common platform to discuss urban issues in formal and informal ways and come up with action-oriented proposals to create sustainable cities.

The third session of the World Urban Forum (WUFIII) will be hosted by the Government of Canada. It will take place in Vancouver , Canada , from 19 to 23 June 2006 and have as its main theme, Our Future: Sustainable Cities – Turning Ideas into Action.

Read more: http://www.unhabitat.org/


3rd Urban Forum for a more sustainable development

The City and Human Rights
Zaragoza 2006

Place and date of the Forum :
Zaragoza.Lugar Salón de actos CAI, Paseo Independencia 10. ZARAGOZA.
21 st , 22 nd and 23 rd September 2006

CSCAE (Superior Council of Colleges of Architects of Spain)
Official College of Architects of Aragon (COA)

foro de zaragoza

Official College of Architects of Aragon (COA)
Government of Aragon. Department of Public Works, Urbanism and Transport
Bank of Architects
Town Council of Zaragoza

Technical Committee
Carlos Hernández Pezzi
Francisco Pérez Arbués
Manuel Saravia Madrigal
Others, still to be determined

Direction and Coordination
Gloria Gómez Muñoz
Manuel Saravia Madrigal
COA Aragón

EXIBITION: THE BURGEONING CITY . Ciudad, Urbanismo y Derechos Humanos

pedro barbadillo



A partir de las 16,30 horas: Acreditaciones y recogida de documentación.

17,30:    Inauguración oficial
- D. Carlos Hernández Pezzi. Presidente del Consejo Superior de Colegios de Arquitectos de España
- D. Juan Alberto Belloch Julbe, Alcalde de Zaragoza
- D. Francisco Pérez Arbués. Decano del Colegio Oficial de Arquitectos de Aragón

18-18'30. Fernando García Vicente, Justicia de Aragón


18,40-19,10.    Informe 1. Sobre el derecho a la seguridad en la ciudad
María Vara Moral. Arqta. Escuela Nacional de Protección Civil. Madrid

19,10-19,40. Ponencia. Sobre el derecho a la movilidad urbana.
Francisco Jose Laquímiz Daudén. Arqto.Editor del Observatorio de Movilidad de Madrid

19,40-20,10. Una ciudad segura / una ciudad abierta
Juan Antonio Ferrer Pérez, Pte. U.N. Agrupaciones de Arquitectos Urbanistas

20,30. Visita a la Aljafería, Cortes de Aragón (sin confirmar)



9,00-9,30 Recogida de información

9,30- . Presentación
Emilio José Rivas Soria Luis Galicia Berges. Demarcación de Zaragoza. COA Aragón


9,40-10,10    Ponencia.    Sobre el derecho a la vivienda.
Teresa Táboas, Arqta. Conselleira da Vivenda e Solo de Galicia

10:10-10:40. Sobre el derecho al espacio urbano
Beth Galí, Arqta. E.T.S.A. de Barcelona

10:40-11:10. Una ciudad particular / una ciudad cosmopolita
César Portela Fernández-Jardón, Arqto. Premio Nacional de Arquitectura

11,30    Pausa



11:30-12:00. Sobre el derecho al trabajo en la ciudad
Josep Roca i Cladera, Arqto. Dir. del Centre de Política del Sòl i Valoracions de la Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya

12:00-12:30. Sobre el derecho al bienestar social y los equipamientos
María José Lasaosa Castellano, Arqta. Asociación "La Mujer Construye". Granada

12:30-13:00. Una ciudad competitiva / una ciudad solidaria
Josep M. Llop Torné, Arqto. Ajuntament de Lleida

13:00-14:00. Mesa redonda . El urbanismo social
Modera : Ramón Queiro Filgueira Catedrático de la E.T.S.A. de Sevilla
Participan :
Alfredo Pérez, Barrios 2008
Emilio Faci Lérida, Instituto Aragonés de Servicios Sociales
Cecilio Torres Fraile, Federación de Arquitectura Social
Mario Gaviria Labarta, Sociólogo
José Luis Oyón Bañales, Arqto. Catedrático de la E.T.S.A del Vallès
Francisco Javier Fernández, Delegado del Gobierno en Aragón


17:00-17:30. Sobre el derecho a la ciudad saludable
Iñaki Uriarte, Arqto. Bilbao

17:30-18:00. Sobre el derecho a la sostenibilidad urbana
Eduardo Cáceres Morales, Arqto. E.T.S.A. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

18:00-18:30. Una ciudad saludable / una ciudad sostenible
Carlos Verdaguer Viana-Cárdegas, Arqto. Comité Biblioteca Ciudades para un Futuro más sostenible (CF+S)

18,30-19:00. Pausa-café

19:00-20:30. Mesa redonda. Urbanismo y técnica
Modera: Carmelo Bosque Palacín, Gerente de Urbanismo. Ayto de Zaragoza
Participan :
Víctor Viñuales, Fundación Ecología y Desarrollo
Alfonso Sanz Alduán, Geógrafo. Gea 21
Artemio Baigorri, Sociólogo Universidad de Extremadura
José Mª Ezquiaga Domínguez, Arqto. E.T.S.A. Madrid
Fausto Comenge Ornat, Ingeniero de Caminos, Canales y Puertos

20:45. Concierto de órgano. Seo de Zaragoza y Museo de Tapices




9:30. Presentación
Jose A. Virto Ruiz, Pta. Demarcación Teruel. COA Aragón

9,40-10,10   Informe 5. Sobre el derecho al planeamiento
Manuel de Torres i Capell, Arqto. E.T.S.A. del Vallès, UPC

10,10-10,40 : Sobre el derecho a la participación urbanística.
Fernando Gaja i Díaz, Arqto E.T.S.A. Univ. Politécnica de Valencia

10:40-11:10. Una ciudad ordenada / una ciudad viva
Ramón Garitano

11,10-11,30  Pausa

11,30-12,00  Ponencia de síntesis La ciudad y los derechos humanos.
Pablo Gigosos Pérez, Arqto. Ayuntamiento de Valladolid, Equipo UDH, E.T.S.A. de Valladolid

12,00-13,30   MESA REDONDA 3. La ciudad y los derechos humanos

Fernando López Ramón. Catedrático de Derecho Administrativo Universidad de Zaragoza

Carlos Hernández Pezzi, Presidente CSCAE
Francisco Pérez Arbués, Decano del COA de Aragón
Jaume Saura i Estapà, Presidente del Institut de Drets Humans de Catalunya
Ángela López Jiménez, Presidenta del Consejo Económico y Social de Aragón
Manuel Saravia Madrigal, Arqto. E.T.S.A. de Valladolid

13,30   Lectura de la Carta de Zaragoza. Conclusiones

13,45 Clausura

Javier Velasco Rodríguez, Consejero de Obras Públicas, Urbanismo y Transportes. Gobierno de Aragón
Carlos Hernández Pezzi, Presidente CSCAE
Francisco Pérez Arbués, Decano del Colegio Oficial de Arquitectos de Aragón
Luis Antonio Corral Juan, Decano del COA Islas Baleares y Coordinador Comisión de Urbanismo del CSCAEE

14,30    Almuerzo de Clausura

17,00    Visita a Zaragoza. Expo 2008, áreas vulnerables, riberas del Ebro. Pablo de la Cal y Fco Javier Monclús Fraga, Arqtos. Jefes de las Áreas de Proyecto y Proyectos Vinculados


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